CUET Exam Pattern 2022


CUET Exam Pattern: All About CUET Exam Pattern 2022

The Education Ministry introduced the CUET Exam (Common University Entrance Test) for admission into Undergraduate Programs in all Central Universities for the academic year 2022-2023.

The examination gives a chance to the students to be tested on their skills on the topics like- General aptitude, English, Reasoning, etc. Proper preparation is required to be on the top of the merit list in the CUCET results. Therefore a proper understanding of the exam requisites and strategies can help you get to your dream university.

Here we will discuss the CUET 2022 exam pattern and all the required details to help you prepare.

All About Common University Entrance Test 2022

The registration for CUET 2022 started on 6 April 2022. The NTA decided to re-open the application process from 23 June 2022 (9:00 am onwards) to 24 June 2022 (up to 11:50 pm). Allowing the interested candidates to apply for the exam (in case they missed the previous window). The test will be organized in multiple shifts over multiple days for admission to different undergraduate/integrated, postgraduate, and research programs across centrally-funded universities.

The candidate must know the CUET exam pattern 2022 and its syllabus to clear the exam with good scores. Next, we will discuss the CUET exam pattern.

Common University Entrance Test Pattern 2022

The CUET will be divided into four sections: 

  • Section I A: 13 Languages
  • Section I B: 19 Languages
  • Section 2: Domain-specific test
  • Section 3: General test.

According to the exam pattern, the Languages section is further divided into two sub-sections. Candidates can choose from 13 languages for the first subsection and 20 for the second. 

Students can pick from 27 different domain subjects under the domain section. The general test consists of General Awareness, Current Affairs, Numerical ability, Mental ability, etc.

Examination Structure Slot 1

SubjectsNo. of questions to be attemptedMarks per questionTotal Marks Duration
Language (any one of the 13 languages opted in Section IA)40 out of 50520045 minutes per Language
Language(any one of the 20 languages opted in Section IB )40 out of 50520045 minutes per Language
General Test60 out of 75530060 minutes
Domain-Specific Subjects (Max 2 Subjects)40 out of 50520045 minutes per subject (Max duration can be up to 90 minutes for 2 subjects)

Examination Structure Slot 1

SubjectsNo. of questions to be attemptedMarks per questionTotal Marks Duration
Language (any one of the 13 languages opted in Section IA)40 out of 50520045 minutes per Language
Domain-Specific Subjects (Max 2 Subjects)40 out of 50520045 minutes per subject (Max duration can be up to 90 minutes for 2 subjects)

Common University Entrance Test Notification

According to the notification released by National Testing Agency (NTA), the registration process will start again on 23 June 2022. The notification included all the important information about the exam, including the registration dates, exam dates, and other important dates to be followed.

Below is a tabular representation of the CUET exam notification:

Registration Opens23 June 2022
Registration Ends24 June 2022
Correction Window23 June 2022 – 24 June 2022 (11:50 pm)
Admit Card ReleaseTo be notified
Date of Examination15.07.2022, 16.07.2022, 19.07.2022, 20.07.2022 and 04.08.2022, 05.08.2022, 06.08.2022, 07.08.2022, 08.08.2022, 10.08.2022
Mode of ExaminationComputer-Based Test (CBT)
SlotSlot 1                                               Slot 2
Timing of Examination9:00 AM – 12:15 PM            3:00 PM – 6:45 PM
Duration of Examination195 minutes                               225 minutes
Entry in the Examination Centre/Hall/Room, frisking, biometric Registration/ record of manual attendance by Invigilator, document verification/cross-checking of Admit Card, signature, and photo match to be completed by Invigilator, etc. Instructions by the Invigilator(s)7:00 AM– 8:30 AM                1:00 PM – 2:30 PM


8:30 AM – 8:50 AM               2:30 PM – 2:50 PM

Candidates log in to read instructions8:50 AM                                       2:50 PM
Test Commences9:00 AM                                       3:00 PM
Test  ConcludesAs per the timing given in the Admit Card

Common University Entrance Test 2022 Marking Scheme

The officials have prescribed the marking scheme to the candidates to help them estimate the score after the entrance test and understand the question pattern. Find below the CUCET marking scheme-

  1. For every correct answer, 1 mark will be awarded.
  2. For every incorrect answer, 0.25 will be deducted from the total score.
  3. No marks will be deducted for unattempted questions.

Detailed CUET Exam Pattern

Each of the four sections has questions based on the selected domain. Knowing the pattern of all these sections is very important to score. Students must go through this pattern before starting their preparation.

The detailed information about the exam pattern is provided below: 

Section IA

  • It consists of the Language Test, including 13 different languages.
  • Candidates can choose any one of these languages to appear for this section.
  • This section comprises 50 questions, of which aspirants should answer 40 questions.
  • The linguistic skills of the candidate are tested through Reading Comprehension.
  • Different kinds of Reading Comprehension may be asked in this, for instance, RC on passages, Factual Rcs, Literary and Narrative RCs, or Literary Aptitude and Vocabulary.

Section IB

  • The Special Languages Test is conducted in Section IB.
  • This section comprises 50 questions, of which aspirants should answer 40 questions.
  • This Language is tested through Reading Comprehension of various types.
  • Some of the Factual RCs, Literary, and Narrative RCs could be asked in CUET 2022 IB Section.

Section II: Domain-Specific

  • There are 27 Domain-Specific Subjects in Section II.
  • Candidates can take any six of the domains.
  • There will be 50 questions in this section.
  • 40 questions are a must to answer.
  • Questions are of objective type.
  • Questions will be based on the NCERT Class XII syllabus.
  • Candidates can use input text for MCQ Based Questions.

Section III: General Test

  • This section is optional for the candidates.
  • It consists of 75 questions, out of which candidates should answer 60.
  • Questions from General Knowledge, Current Affairs, General Mental Ability, Numerical Ability, Quantitative Reasoning, Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry, Mensuration, Stat, Logical and Analytical Reasoning are asked in this section.
  • This section is of one-hour duration.



Etiquette is the set of conventional rules of personal behavior in polite society.
Usually in the form of an ethical code that delineates the expected and accepted social behaviors that accord with the conventions and norms observed by a society, a social class, or a social group.

You can say “Etiquette” is merely a set of guidelines for politeness and good manners, the kindnesses with which we should always treat each other. It will always matter! Etiquette, the complex network of rules that govern good behavior and our social and business interactions, is always evolving and changing as society changes.

The word “Etiquette” comes from the French word “etiqueta”

The French word “etiqueta” means “ticket” or “label attached to something for identification.”.

In 16th-century Spain, the French word was borrowed (and altered to “etiqueta”). To refer to the written protocols describing orders of precedence and behavior demanded of those who appeared at court.
Eventually, “etiqueta” came to be applied to the court ceremonies themselves as well as the documents which outlined the requirements for them. Interestingly, this then led to French speakers of the time attributing the second sense of “proper behavior” to their étiquette,
And in the middle of the 18th century English speakers finally adopted both the words

The Ancient Egyptian vizier Ptahhotep wrote The Maxims of Ptahhotep (2375–2350 BC).
A didactic book of precepts extolling civil virtues, such as truthfulness, self-control, and kindness towards other people.
Recurrent thematic motifs in the maxims include learning by listening to other people. Being mindful of the imperfection of human knowledge, and avoiding open conflict, whenever possible, should not be considered a weakness.

That the pursuit of justice should be foremost.
Yet acknowledged that, in human affairs, the command of a god ultimately prevails in all matters; thus some of Ptahhotep’s maxims indicate a person’s correct behaviors in the presence of great personages (political, military, religious). Instructions on how to choose the right master and how to serve him.

Moreover, other maxims teach the correct way to be a leader through openness and kindness. That greed is the base of all evil and should be guarded against. And that generosity towards family and friends is praiseworthy.

Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese intellectual and philosopher.
Whose works emphasized personal and governmental morality. The correctness of social relationships, the pursuit of justice in personal dealings, and sincerity in all personal relations.

Baldassare Castiglione (1478–1529), count of Casatico, was an Italian courtier and diplomat, soldier, and author of The Book of the Courtier (1528).
An exemplar courtesy book dealing with questions of the etiquette and morality of the courtier during the Italian Renaissance.

Louis XIV (1638–1715), King of France.
Used a codified etiquette to tame the French nobility and assert his supremacy as the absolute monarch of France.
In consequence, the ceremonious royal court favorably impressed foreign dignitaries whom the king received at the seat of the French government, the Palace of Versailles, to the southwest of Paris.

Etiquette reflects our cultural norms, generally accepted ethical codes, and the rules of various groups we belong to. It helps us show respect and consideration to others and makes others glad that we are with them.

Without etiquette, members of society would show far too much impatience and disrespect for one another. Which would lead to insults, dishonesty, cheating, road rage, fistfights, and a rash of other unfortunate incidents

Dominguez Firm collegiate & legal law scholarship 2022

Dominguez Firm collegiate & legal law scholarship

Dominguez firm collegiate & legal law scholarship

The Dominguez Firm collegiate & legal law scholarship is open to all fresh pass-out high school students striving for higher institutions and also it is available for undergraduate students who still would love to further their education in law.

The Dominguez Firm collegiate & legal law scholarship Award for students who are new students at law schools.

For more UK/law scholarships: is the best

The Collegiate Scholarship Award Will be awarded to an undergraduate who is deserving and who wants to make an impact in his or her community as well as the future. The winner will be awarded the award of a $5,000 award to help pay for their college tuition.

This Legal Scholarship Award Will be presented to a meritorious student who is accepted or currently in law school. The $2500 scholarship is awarded to recognize the student’s academic accomplishments and goals that are unique to them regardless of the challenges or difficulties they face.

The official guidelines and rules are available below:

Dominguez Firm Collegiate Scholarship Award:

General Rules:

  • The applicant is required to be a US citizen or permanent resident
  • The student must be a senior in high school or an initial or second-year trade school student.
  • The student must be able to show an overall GPA of 3.0 or greater;
  • Student must show involvement in activities with the community
  • Candidates are advised to keep an eye on us via social media so that they are informed about the winners.

Students must write an essay of 500-700 words or a one-minute video of their goals and aspirations for attending college. Creative and graphic presentations are welcome. Students must explain why they want to pursue an education at a higher level, the challenges they faced, and the lessons they have learned from these experiences, and, most importantly, detail any previous participation in the community and/or plans to continue that involvement after graduation.

Students must submit an official copy of their high school transcripts and/or college transcripts.

General Rules:

  • Students must be US citizens or permanent residents of the United States;
  • Students must be accepted or are currently enrolled in law school
  • The student must be able to show an overall GPA of 3.0 or more;
  • Students must show involvement in activities of the community;
  • Candidates are encouraged to keep an eye on us via social media to keep informed about the winners.
  • Students must write an essay of 500-700 words or a one-minute video of themselves and the reason they decided to go to law school or become an attorney.
  •  Creative and graphic presentations are welcome.
  •  Students must describe how they intend to utilize the law to assist others or to improve the quality of life for society.
  • Students are required to submit unofficial copies of their transcripts from school.

Judging and Recognition Procedure:

The judging process will be conducted by an expert panel composed of participants of The Dominguez Firm.

The selection process will be based on the applicant’s ability to meet the entry requirements as well as their capacity to clearly and succinctly explain the process of applying.

They plan to reach their goals following the award of this award.

Awards and Recognition Procedure:

The Dominguez Firm Scholarship is a single financial award that is intended to be used for the cost of tuition in only academics.

After the winners have been picked The scholarship awards will be distributed to the school of the winner to help pay costs for tuition and fees at school.

If an awardee is ineligible to attend school due to any reason, he has to prove the reason they are unable to attend school;

If that’s an issue, then the award will be put on hold for up to six months until the applicant can provide evidence of their enrollment at any of the institutions mentioned above.

If the awardee is not able to receive the financial scholarship award within six months, the Dominguez Firm may award it to a different candidate according to its own discretion.

The applicants who are granted a scholarship must be able to agree to the terms and conditions to be granted the award.

Announcements on who will be the recipients of these scholarships will be announced on The Dominguez Firm’s site and social media profiles.

The applicants get an email confirmation that they were selected to be awarded this prize.

A small dinner and reception might be held to honor award-winning winners. Further details about the reception will be available after the winners have been announced.

Complete all necessary information prior to July 31st, 2022.

December 31st, 2021. The winner of the scholarship will be announced on January 21, 2022.

A willful Worker Scholarship program

willful Worker Scholarship

Are you a willful worker? If yes then the Mitchel willful worker scholarship is an opportunity you deserve and have been waiting for. 

Having been a compassionate lawyer was not all about it! Mitchel wants to help those who are willing to work to provide for their families, and in the process, suffer unfairly because of the negligence of someone else. 

Mitchell not only puts in the time to defend his clients in court as well as in international stick-fighting contests. He participated in the world championships held by the World Eskrima Kali Arnis Federation (Filipino stick-fighting) and was awarded 4 gold and silver medals. Mitchell discovered early in his career that dedication will pay off.

Mitchel believes that those who put in the effort will succeed in their endeavors. It is crucial to work hard not only for yourself but also to show others how to do it like your children. To be considered for the willful worker scholarship, candidates should explain what they put into their work, the reason they do it, as well as answer the questions below:

  1. How do you feel is needed to be a willful worker?
  2. Why is it crucial to persevere even when the job becomes challenging?

See also: fully funded university of Calabria scholarship in Italy 

Mitchell Greenberg wants to hear the real-life examples you have used. The scholarship of $1,000 will be given to the student whose essay best illustrates why they are a determined worker, and also how their efforts paid back at the final. We are hoping that this scholarship will inspire students to be adamant to reach their goals and make the most rewarding lives they can for themselves.

Eligibility criteria for Willful Worker Scholarship

  • The willful worker scholarship is available to any high school senior or graduate students who are a resident within the United States residing in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia and who is studying at a two- to a five-year post-secondary institution for the 2022 spring semester.
  • The employees from Mitchell Greenberg Attorney at Law or their immediate family members (parent sibling, child, or spouse) and those living within the same household of these individuals (whether connected or not) are not eligible in the competition.
  • Candidates for this award must be able to show at least a GPA of 3.0 or more and be in good academic standing.

Application Requirements for Willful Worker Scholarship

  • The applicant must write an essay of 750 words to the question What is the hallmark of a determined worker?
  1.  Why is it essential to be a hard worker in the work you do?
  2. What are your own ways to demonstrate these qualities?
  • The applicant must provide an impressive resume that details the experience they have, both professional and academic.
  • The applicant must provide an official or unofficial transcript of the school they attend. 
  • Students in high school must also provide an acceptance letter from their prospective university.

The winner of the Willful Worker Scholarship will be selected during the month immediately following the deadline for the scholarship.

Application Deadline and Instructions 

To be eligible for this scholarship, candidates must email their full application (including the essay, resume, and transcript) to [email protected] by January 31, 2022. Applications received after the deadline are not considered.

Applications for scholarships should be submitted by email with the following subject “Mitchell Greenberg Attorney at Law – 2021 Willful Worker Scholarship Application.” Any concerns regarding the application for the scholarship should be addressed via email.

Professional Tips to Complete Dissertation Right on Time


There are many benefits to using a dissertation help service. It can greatly reduce your workload. You can stay as involved in the process as you want, as long as you know that your work will be plagiarism-free. You can also have a team of professional writers working under your direction. By relying on one of these writers, you can relax, as they will do their best to meet your requirements. A dissertation help service also helps you avoid plagiarism and low-quality work.

Prioritize your task

If you are working on your dissertation, you have probably noticed how time-consuming it is. Often, it is difficult to concentrate on the work, which can lead to feelings of guilt and self-doubt. In order to get through the process as quickly and efficiently as possible, here are a few tips. Using a reference manager is essential if you want your essay to be properly formatted. You can also use Google Scholar to help you format your references in MLA, APA, Chicago, or any other style.

When choosing a dissertation topic, choose a topic that is both interesting and relevant. It does not need to be groundbreaking; it just needs to be a relevant issue that has not been thoroughly studied. Additionally, it must be within your resources and capabilities. By following these tips, you will be well on your way to a successful dissertation. Here are some tips to get you started: Keep a daily schedule. Block out your time for three hours or 30 minutes each day, and write down how much you accomplish.

Set rewards. Rewarding yourself for each task completed will give you extra motivation. A coffee date with a friend, buying ice cream, or writing a letter to a friend are some examples of reward options. Creating a reward that you can easily relate to will make you more likely to work hard and finish your work. Many people also schedule these motivating rewards every day, so that they can be rewarded every time they complete an important task.

Check the requirements

One of the steps you should take when writing your dissertation is to create a table of contents. The table of contents should include all of the parts of your dissertation. You can create a table of contents automatically in Word using heading styles. In addition to the titles, you can also include any figures or abbreviations you use. You can also generate a numbered list of titles by using the Insert Caption feature.

Creating a dissertation should not be too difficult. A few helpful hints can help you make it easier. The first tip to remember is to stick to a consistent voice. Avoid using jargon and stick to simpler words. It is also a good idea to use short sentences rather than long ones. You may also want to break up long sentences into smaller ones. This way, you can include more information in a shorter space.

Lastly, make a list of tasks that you can complete at any time. Write down the smallest ones and complete them as you feel like. You can do them one by one when you have the energy. This is a great way to ensure you get as much done as possible in the time you have available. It is important to remember that your dissertation isn’t a research paper, so it should be relevant to your field.

Keep Your Advisor In Touch

A number of dissertation writing help tips are available online, including creating an outline. Stick to the guidelines of your advisor to avoid multiple revisions. Advisor guidelines are very important in helping students create an effective dissertation. However, there are certain things to keep in mind to produce a successful one. These are just a few of the things to keep in mind. Hopefully, these suggestions will help you complete your work in a timely manner. Ultimately, your dissertation will be a reflection of your own ideas and beliefs.

Choosing the right topic for your dissertation can be a difficult task. You may find it difficult to say “no” to some of the requests and activities you want to do. In addition, it can be hard to budget your time. Having a few people who don’t know your project well is important. They can help you clarify the project and open your mind to different perspectives. Also, a break from your dissertation can be helpful to renew your interest in it.

Make sure your topic is something you are passionate about. Remember, a dissertation is a group effort, and a committee is required to approve the final product. As long as the topics are worthy of study, they will be more likely to be approved by your committee. When choosing a topic, you may also want to ask other students in your program about their experiences with their dissertation. You can also read other people’s dissertations to get some ideas on what to write.

Focus On Perfect Formatting

One of the most important dissertation help tips is to make sure you have an organized table of contents. It is important to make sure that your dissertation is easy to read. In Word, you can use the Insert Caption feature to create the table of contents automatically. In addition, you should include the title, abstract, and figure titles. An alphabetized list of abbreviations can also be helpful. When creating a table of contents, keep in mind to include all the sections in the document.

You also need to make sure that you follow the timeline and outline that the university provides. If you can’t write the entire document on your own, use a template. This way, you can format your entire document from the start. It’s incredibly frustrating to have your work rejected because of poor formatting. It’s better to follow a template that already has the structure you need. Moreover, don’t forget to have the final version proofread and edited before submitting it to your professor.

Using a template is another dissertation help tip. This tool allows you to start writing and formatting your work right from the start. There is nothing worse than formatting your paper incorrectly. Luckily, university templates have been designed to make your life easier. If you’re looking for a place to get dissertation help, check out these tips. And if you’re still not sure where to begin, don’t forget that your professor will be able to direct you to the best resources.

Get Your Dissertation Done With These Tips & Tricks

How To Check UNICAL UTME/Direct Entry Admission List Online For 2021/2022 Academic Session [updated]

How To Check UNICAL UTME/ 2021/2022

Here we have the list of the uncial admission list 2020/2021. Nevertheless, we have organized the necessary information that you will need on how to check the university of Calabar’s admission status online.

checking the utme results is known to be time-consuming, but this method is a simple one that will not take you up to an hour to get done when checking your utme results online. so you wouldn’t need to pay any cyber lady to do it for you. Continue and read the full information’s below

The management board of the University of Calabar uncial has finally given out the long-awaited list of admission into the University of Calabar to study undergraduate programs for the 2020/2021academic year.

Uncial admission list

This information is to inform the general public most especially every student that partake in the (uncial) university of Calabar admission & screening examination for the 2020/2021 session. Easily check your admission status here below.

The uncial admission list is known to be holding vital information concerning the utme and direct entry candidates names who applied for admission into the university to pursue a degree program

would you want to have an experience of an international scholarship aim global scholarship is you sure bet

How To Check UNICAL utme

  • Are you one of the uncial aspirants?
  • Do you want to check your utme results only?

Kudos today we will be dishing out to you the easy way on how to check uncial utme results online and also we will reveal the easiest way to do it yourself without having to go to any cyber café.

So to check out the list of uncial admission list you must have in mind that the list has been uploaded in the jamb official website and also in the university portal. Are you an uncial utme candidate for the 2020/2021 academic session if yes then head over to the jamb official portal or the university school website to put in your details and check your results Good luck.

Why is the university of Calabar popular

The University of Calabar is known to be one of the great universities in Nigeria also to be one of the early universities to be in existence in the African most populous nation Nigeria. The University of Calabar can be located in Calabar a state in the southeast part of the country. The architecture of the school campus design was done by sir john Elliot.

The school is a bag of knowledge waiting to be dispatched to its prospects which is its students that are currently pursuing undergraduate & postgraduate programs. The university came into existence in fulfillment of a will which says motto “knowledge is service”

Meaning you can only serve with knowledge hence no knowledge no service

There are a host of other universities in Nigeria but let’s genuinely talk about the university of Calabar.

The University of Calabar is also ranking among the top best universities in Nigeria alongside UNN. However uncial today is a competitive university, which means it takes a lot of effort to make it into the university this means with poor grades and poor cut of marks in your utme its lets possible to make it into the university of Calabar.

IELTS Exam Pattern 2022

ielts exam pattern 2022


There are two types of IELTS exam training. First is IELTS General Training. And second is IELTS Academic Training. It contains four sections also i.e., Listening, Reading, Speaking, and Writing. So. Including these all factors we will discuss about the IELTS exam pattern 2022.

IELTS Exam General Training

General IELTS training is given by those who intend to immigrate to a largely English-speaking country. It can also be given by those who move to another country for job training. The results of the IELTS test play an important role in the selection criteria. This exam is conducted and administered by ETS, the Educational Testing Service worldwide. This exam is taken by more than 10,000 educational institutions in more than 150 countries.

IELTS Exam Pattern

We will first go with all the segments of IELTS. Let’s know about the marks, time duration, and paper pattern of all four sections.

IELTS Listening

IELTS Listening exam contains 40 questions in total. It includes four monologues and recorded conversations. Candidates have to listen to the conversation carefully. And after completing the conversation, they put their answers in the answer sheet. The duration of this test is of 30 minutes.

IELTS Reading

It also contains 40 questions in total. You are given three long passages and you have to read the passages carefully and then answer the questions. Texts range from descriptive and real to discourse, and the analysis contains non-verbal material, such as charts, graphs, and illustrations, from the original (taken from books, magazines, and newspapers). Time duration of this section is of 60 minutes.

IELTS Writing

IELTS writing exam has two tasks. That is task 1 and task 2. In addition, students are given information, tables, or diagrams that candidates must explain in their own words. Writing task 1 contains 150 words where candidates have to describe or explain a table, summarize the facts, explain the graph, chart, or diagram. Task 2 contains a short essay of at least 250 words. The time duration for these two task is 60 minutes.

IELTS Speaking

There is nothing to write in this section. It includes a face-to-face interview that has short questions to check your fluency in English. Also, it checks your confidence in giving an answer. It also includes group discussion with the Interviewer. It contains 11-14 minutes to complete the interview.

So, there is one thing to keep in mind that out of these four sections, three sections are held on the same day while the rest of the one will be on another day but in the same week. Exam held on the same day are Listening, Writing and Reading. Speaking part conducts on another day.

IELTS Coaching in Jaipur

If you want to prepare for IELTS seriously then you have to focus on its preparation. If you think that you are not able to concentrate at home then you can join coaching for IELTS. I will suggest you IELTS coaching classes in Jaipur. Well qualified tutors, all facilities related to IELTS preparation are available. They will provide study material also. And make the IELTS possible. Also, you can refer to overseas education consultants for more clarification.

National Federation of the Blind (NFB) Scholarship Program

(NFB) Scholarship Program

The National Federation of the Blind (NFB) Scholarship Program

The National Federation of the Blind (NFB) Scholarship Program for Students with Disabilities is a national scholarship program that annually awards scholarships of up to $10,000 to blind students. The program is open to legally blind high school seniors and undergraduate students who are pursuing full-time studies at accredited colleges or universities in the United States.

Students must have a documented disability that significantly affects their ability to function in daily life activities and maintain satisfactory academic progress toward completing a bachelor’s degree.

Eligible applicants must also demonstrate financial need. For the past 20 years, NFB has provided approximately $7 million in scholarships each year to assist eligible students with their post-secondary education. Scholarships are awarded based on a variety of factors, including academic achievement, extracurricular activities, community service, employment, and financial need.

The application period for the 2019-2020 academic year is now closed. NFB will announce the recipients of the NFB Scholarship Program for Students with Disabilities during the Awards Ceremony on May 4, 2020, at the Jernigan Institute in Washington, D.C. National Federation of the Blind Certification Program

Necessary Training for Those Who Work with the Blind and Visually Impaired #NTBI

To ensure maximum benefit to those who receive the training, the initial portion of the course must be followed by at least 80 hours of supervised fieldwork under the guidance of a certified trainer. NFB strongly encourages certified trainers to participate in fieldwork as well.

This 80-hour fieldwork requirement may be completed in the classroom under the guidance of a certified trainer or through actual hands-on experience in the community setting, depending on the training program offered. Certificates of Completion may be issued for the NFB NTBI Training Program. #ntbicom

This online course, Necessary Training for Those Who Work with the Blind and Visually Impaired (#NTBI), is designed to provide comprehensive training in three core areas:

1) information and referral;

2) specialized skills training; and

3) emotional intelligence.

By selecting one of the modules that interest you, you can receive training in a particular discipline or receive a complete training package.


The ensuing conditions apply to all aspirants

  • Must be cleanly sightless (PDF) in both eyes.
    Candidates by requirements must be a resident of the United States, the District of Columbia, or Puerto Rico.
  • Candidates are expected to be at least up to 18 years to be eligible by July 5, 2022.
  • Must be Going for or planning to Go for a full-time,post-secondary program of studies in a degree program at U.S. institute in the fall of the time of Applying (one scholarship may be presented to a person recruited full-time while He or she attends academy part- time).
  • Must partake in the exclusive NFB National Convention and in all of its listed education program exercises ( winners will Earn support to attend the public convention).

How to Apply NFB scholarship

To apply for the NFB scholarship you must Have to be sure you passed all the eligibility and requirements needed before  March 31, 2022. Then scroll down towards this link below and apply

Online Application here

You can also check: aim global scholarship accredited schools

How does education contribute to community development

How does education contribute to community development

Education has a major role to play in community development. It is the principal means by which communities can lay the foundations for future progress and prosperity.

  • How does education contribute to development?
  • How do we recognize when an educational system is failing students, teachers, parents, and society in general?
  • How broad should the spectrum of education be when you look at all the different types of education?
  • How do we make sure education prepares children with the necessary skills to be competitive in a global economy?
  • How is education linked with development?
  • How do we reconcile access with quality when it comes to education in developing countries?

Check also: Addis Ababa postgraduate scholarship Addis Ababa postgraduate scholarship

These are some of the questions that will be addressed in this article.
To answer any question about how something contributes, you must first understand what that contributing means. In relation to community development, “education has been defined as a process by which knowledge and skills are transmitted from one generation to another” (Shad/Marks, 2001).

The definition is very simple, but necessarily so because there isn’t a universal description for this process or any agreed-upon way it happens. How education contributes to development is more about how education can be used as a tool for those who want to develop communities and those who want to do the developing.

How do we recognize when an educational system is failing students, teachers, parents, and society in general?

The first step is recognizing when an educational system is failing children, teachers, parents, and society in general. How do we make sure that it prepares students with the necessary skills and knowledge they need to be competitive in a global economy? How broad should the spectrum of education be when we look at all the different types of education? How do we reconcile access with quality? How does this relate to community development? These are all important questions because most countries have difficulties providing for their citizens due to financial reasons, political corruption, cultural beliefs, etc., thus making education a difficult task especially with all the other challenges communities face. How do we move forward if “education has become a bottleneck to development” (Shad/Marks, 2001)?

As Shad and Marks claim in their article How Does Education Contribute to Development, education is not just about reading, writing, and arithmetic? It’s about all the different aspects of life that are being discussed through educational institutions around the world.

How you can contribute to your community depends on what part of your education you have mastered or are learning more about.

We see today many children have lost interest to study and this is all due to the bad governance in some countries, particularly Africa and some parts of Asia. A lot of issues arise when children are not taught killings rape and other evil among the society.

When the educational sector is poor or down the country is said to be going into future collapse. Education does not only contribute to the development of the community also develops the mindset of every child to learn to be responsible grow up and give back to its community

How To Write A Novel


Here is a guide that covers a variety of topics in the field of writing stories such as novels and short stories. The guide includes things that belong to the fictional narrative: narrative structure, character portrayal, perspectives and other areas of narrative technique and Order Essay Online Cheap.

The structure of the Novel story and the dramaturgical phases

There are virtually no novels that culminate in events in the introduction and then offer fewer and fewer dramatic elements. Apart from the fact that this is not in the nature of the story, readers do not appreciate such an approach, while it leads to interest declining instead of increasing.

Rather, the opposite is true of stories: whether they are novels or feature films, they tend to escalate gradually to culminate towards the end. It is in the end that it is revealed who the killer is or that the burning conflict in a psychological drama is completely resolved et cetera.

There are recognizable phases in the structures of stories. A classic model can look like this:

  1. Exposition (the main characters are presented and a grant lays the foundation for the story to be told).
  2. Rise (a conflict arises and the story is given a clearer direction).
  3. Escalation (events take turns faster and in the case of the detective genre, the tension escalates).
  4. Climax (the story culminates in a “final” where it gets its final resolution. All open threads should by this time be tied together – sometimes there are open ends where the narrator chooses not to explain everything).
  5. Rounding off (some novels end immediately after the climax, but it is common for the story to slow down and the reader to find out the immediate and / or long-term consequences of the drama’s resolution).

Exactly how widespread each phase is is something that the author himself decides. The important thing is that there is a development during the course of the story to maintain interest. (In terms of scope, a novel contains on average about 50,000 words.)

To start a book

There are lots of ways to start a novel. The best tip here is probably to study a number of books and their introductory chapters.

In general, a novel should not be too sluggish. The introduction is something of a critical stage because the reader may not have decided yet whether he intends to continue reading or not. Some solve this by using the method called “in media res” which means that the story takes over in the middle of the action. It does not have to be wrong to introduce the document from the beginning, but it is important that there are interesting components in the text.

The introduction and first chapter of a book is something that many authors file extra long-on. It is important both to convince any publishers when reviewing scripts and readers that this is a book worth reading.

To begin a new chapter

How then does a new chapter begin? A classic grip is “The years went by …”; it is of course out of date today, but the method is preserved in some form.

An example from Klas Östergren’s novel Gentlemen: “The first week of June started very well. It was glorious weather and the whole of Stockholm was blowing in the heatwave, the cafés’ sidewalk tables were full and …” Here a place and its atmosphere is established through a scene.

Omniscient or suggestive?

In novels from previous centuries, it was common to have a so-called omniscient narrator, which means that the author allows the narrator’s voice to have access to “all information” (incl. The characters’ thoughts, intentions, and actions).

During the 20th century, it became common for more and more to be simply hinted at instead of being conveyed directly to the reader. Worth mentioning is Ernest Hemingway who introduced what has been called “iceberg technology”. What the reader found out in plain text was just the tip of the iceberg while the rest could be sensed, but was never said outright.

Few of today’s writers tend to be as sleepy as Hemingway when it comes to how much is said directly, but it is common for them to say a lot indirectly and not use an omniscient narrator.

A common motto when it comes to instructing those who will write fictional stories is: “Do not say it, show .” This means that the author should portray events where the people’s feelings and driving forces emerge via lines, reactions and other grips instead of letting a narrator’s voice explain everything.

I-form or third person?

There are two main perspectives an author can use to convey the content of his book. It happens either in self-form or in the third person.

By I-form is meant that the perspective is based on the narrator’s voice in the form of an ego (note that this does not necessarily mean that it is the author himself who speaks). In a novel written in the third person, it is a male or female who is the main character.

Nothing is better or worse in general, but one form may be more suitable depending on what kind of story it is. As a rule, the same perspective should be used throughout. Exceptions may occur, but must in that case be made as a deliberate narrative approach.

Novel dialogue and its forms

Dialogues are conversations between two or more people and such are mostly included in works of fiction. There are different ways of writing dialogues and in terms of form it usually varies between direct and indirect speech.

Direct speech is to reproduce what someone says word for word and this is done purely typographically by using speech minus or quotation marks:

– Do you want to come with me to the summer cottage, she asked.

– Yes, he replied.


“Do you want to come with me to the summer cottage?” She asked.

“Yes,” he replied.

With indirect quotation, it is clear what someone has said by the narrator’s voice reproducing it as part of the current story:

She asked if he wanted to come with him to the summer cottage. Yes, he would.

Note that a mixed form with both direct and indirect speech is also possible.

To think about is the dialogue attribution (who speaks). The reader should preferably not be unsure of who is saying something, but at the same time the suffix “sa X” can be annoying if it occurs too often.

A common piece of advice is to avoid, or at least not overuse, adverbs that describe situations related to remarks. Examples: “etIt’s really sad´, she said compassionately” or “´It’s like damn´,” he exclaimed angrily. This can be categorized as an overly clear design.

The need for variation

We have just dealt with some basic aspects of dialogue and dialogue is something that a narrator can use to introduce variation in the novel or short story. Too long shocks of a narrator’s voice that spills over into all sorts of things will in the long run be stressful for many readers. Therefore, it may sometimes be necessary to postpone a reply change (it may also be something else such as a letter).

Conversely, in the case of a long dialogue, variation may be needed in the form of the narrator’s voice interfering somewhat. The same applies to monologues where a person has to present something that requires a lot of text. In these cases, the monologue may from time to time be interrupted by shorter interventions of external events (this may be something trivial such as the author mentioning that the person performing the monologue takes a sip from a drinking glass or that something is happening in the surroundings).

Novel Personal descriptions

Describing a person in the story can be done through descriptions in the general narrative text or in connection with dialogues. It can be done in detail or sketchily.

Sometimes it can be in place with pure appearance descriptions while other times it is only told about inner characteristics. Advantageously, personal drawings can be made by showing a specific characteristic combined with a description of the appearance:

  • Under the weekly forehead rested a tired look …
  • There was a precocious expression around her red-painted lips …
  • The boldness faded in the half-closed, but big eyes …

How detailed the description that is made should be weighed against how prominent the person’s role is in the story. Making long personal descriptions of every single person who appears in a novel is usually superfluous.

Environmental descriptions

If personal descriptions include internal and external features, environmental descriptions can be divided between pure detailed descriptions and descriptions of feelings that the environment contributes to.

When an environmental description is inserted, it can advantageously be done through notifications from the book’s people. It is often more natural to start an environmental description in the style of “X’s interest was captured by all the details of the room with …” than “The room that X stepped into had many details with …”.

To concentrate and shorten events

Writing a novel is not about following a timeline and making a summary of what happens every hour or day. An author must concentrate on individual events and in between shorten the events. The story becomes clearer when the reported events reinforce the course of events.

It is uninteresting to follow the main character in the grocery store (if nothing unexpected happens), when he eats (if nothing unexpected happens), when he watches TV (if nothing unexpected happens), and so on. In order to captivate the reader and ensure that the action moves forward, the author should stay at the “transport distances” for as short a time as possible.

I fell asleep and when I woke up Bill was packing.

The transport route sleep-night-day-wake-up is only half a sentence and the other half of the sentence already takes us to the next event. The example is taken from Ernest Hemingways And the sun has its way.

So the train left Sunne; the landscape flowed straight through Aaron. Day after day he sat completely still. It was raining over Germany, it was night in Switzerland, it was suddenly clear morning över

It is clear that the author considers the described train journey as merely a transport route in the story, but in order not to completely omit the external conditions for the reader, he explains these in an effective way. The example is from Göran Tunström ‘s Christmas Oratorio .

Sometimes the events that the author wants to cover are longer, maybe a couple of weeks or months. A typical situation applies when the main characters do not encounter an important supporting character for a while. To happen to encounter this person again within a short time may seem unnatural, but at the same time, the supporting character is important for the development of the plot to pick up speed again. What to do? A very common approach is to start a chapter with something like: “I did not encounter X again and the days passed (blah, blah, blah)” and a few lines or a few pieces are felled before the thread is picked up again: “One day called it was on the door and when I opened it, X was standing there. “

Vocabulary – balance between eloquence and credibility

An author should have a rich vocabulary, though that is not to say that he has to show every corner of it to his readers. Far more important than offering impressive eloquence is maintaining the credibility of the story.

If the book’s main character is a police commissioner, he should not speak like a professor of linguistics. An excessive degree of spoken language is also not recommended as it can lower the reading experience overall. It is thus important to find a balance.